Rong Wang:Do Environmental Regulation and Foreign Direct Investment Drive Regional Air Pollution in China?


作者:Rong Wang

题目:Do Environmental Regulation and Foreign Direct Investment Drive Regional Air Pollution in China?

期刊:Sustainability 2023, 15, 1567SCI/SSCI三区

摘要:With economic development, air pollution is becoming increasingly serious, which affects the sustainable development of the global economy. In order to explore policy measures to curb air pollution, this paper selects data from 30 regions in China and explores their impact studies on air pollution from the perspectives of environmental regulation and foreign direct investment using a systematic GMM model. Then, the threshold effect model is selected to verify their nonlinear relationship. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Environmental regulation does not pass the signifificance test. There is no signifificant “U-shaped” or “inverted U-shaped” relationship between environmental regulation and air pollution. In the eastern region, there is an inverted U-shaped relationship, which is consistent with the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis, and the effect in the central and western regions is higher than in the eastern region of China. (2) The entry of foreign direct investment (FDI) aggravates the environmental pollution problem in China, and the overall status quo is consistent with the pollution haven hypothesis, which shows an inverted U-shaped curve between FDI and air pollution. The eastern region does not have any U-shaped relationships. The other two regions show an inverted U-shaped curve between foreign direct investment and air pollution; these two regions are still in the left half of the curve, and the increase in foreign capital will lead to aggravation of the pollution status quo. (3) The industrial structure will aggravate air pollution in the whole country and the central and western regions; the eastern region shows a suppression effect, but this is not signifificant. Urbanization exacerbates air pollution in the central and western regions but has an insignifificant effect in the eastern region. The level of economic development increases air pollution in all regions. The expansion of the population size brings a large amount of production and living pollution, which aggravates environmental pollution. The research in this paper can provide theoretical references for regional policies to control air pollution.